Assume you are a nurse manager on a unit where a new nursing documentation system is to be implemented. You want to ensure that the system will be usable and acceptable for the nurses impacted. You realize a nurse leader must be on the implementation team.
- McGonigle, D., & Mastrian, K. G. (2022). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (5th ed.). Jones & Bartlett Learning.
- Chapter 9, “Systems Development Life Cycle: Nursing Informatics and Organizational Decision Making” (pp. 191–204)
- Chapter 12, “Electronic Security” (pp. 251–265)
- Chapter 13, “Achieving Excellence by Managing Workflow and Initiating Quality Projects”
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.a). Health IT evaluation toolkit and evaluation measures quick reference guideLinks to an external site.. Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://digital.ahrq.gov/health-it-evaluation-toolkit
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. (n.d.b). Workflow assessment for health IT toolkitLinks to an external site.. Retrieved January 26, 2022, from https://digital.ahrq.gov/health-it-tools-and-resources/evaluation-resources/workflow-assessment-health-it-toolkit
It is the Software Development Life Cycle. This describes the several stages of a software cycle and the structure in which these stages are carried out. The outcome from each stage is implemented in the next stage of the software life cycle.
The knowledge of the workflow and processes associated with critical thinking skills make nurses to help identify objectives, establish project goals. Involvement of nurses in the implementation of new system is necessary to provide a clinical nursing perspective to assist in the development of safe and effective systems
Nurse manager should give importance in both the benefits and challenges associated with involving a nurse leader on an implementation team to ensure that the new system will be usable and acceptable for all nurses impacted.
ROLE DESCRIPTION FOR NURSE LEADER USING STAGES OF SDLC
Planning and requirements
The role of the nurse leader collaborates with the interdisciplinary team members to accomplish the tasks such as define the scope and problems, select potential solutions, think about required resources, establish a project schedule and timeline, and launch the project . Clinical knowledge of the nurse helps in the implementation through workflow and processes effectively.
Role of a nurse leader is to help prioritize project requirements, initiate and evaluate possible alternatives, and provide recommendations for management. If any failure in completing the tasks efficiently and meet organizational and user needs can result in project delays, loss of data, errors, and breakdown of communication processes. an internal part of the analysis process includes analyzing the workflow processes, communication, and decision-making tools. Involvement of a nurse leader in the analysis stage is imperative to review relevant organizational policies and to know what all changes required to accommodate new work processes and new technology.
In the stage of design.
Nurse leader plays a critical part in this stage to ensure the software’s overall configuration is defined properly and establish the architecture and operation of the system with regard to hardware, software, networking, retrieval of data, archiving and use, and user interface. The nurse reinforces the purpose of the system to improve patient safety. She also assist in customizing the system to promote clinical decision support to accommodate practices in different specialties.
The role includes staff training, system maintenance, and evaluation of outcome, to ensure two-way communication between the staff and management to solicit feedback that may be useful when redesigning the system for better outcomes. Feed backs from users help in making safety to identify workflow and system issues. The engagement of the nurse can provide an effective strategy.
The nurse leader is involved in ensuring continual support and adequate training, understanding the technology and its implications, to make sure the acceptance and compliance of the new system by the staff. It increases satisfaction and adherence to the best practices. It will also minimize any potential negative effects caused by technical failure and also identify flaws to reinforce the need for constant upgrade and maintenance of databases.
The nurse leaders play a vital role among the members of the implementation team and in facilitating the SDLC for informatics in health care; the nurse role includes synthesizing knowledge of how technology can promote the quality of care.