Case Study: You are the assigned nurse for Mrs. K, a 63-year-old Caucasian female admitted to the telemetry unit following a presentation to the ER 3 days ago with a 2-hour history of pain her left shoulder radiating up to her neck. EKG and enzymes ruled her in for AMI and she successfully completed a catheterization with a stent in the right coronary artery. Her past medical history was significant only for hypertension for 10 years which was managed with HCTZ 25 mg daily. She is slightly overweight, and reports that she does not have time to exercise regularly, as she commutes over 1 hour each way to her secretarial job daily. Her meals are irregular, and often consist of convenience foods.
Her physician enters the room while you are providing care to tell her that her labs have indicated that she now has type II diabetes mellitus and that he is aIDing Metformin 250 bid daily. In aIDition, he is aIDing atorvastatin (Lipitor) 80 mg daily, ASA 81mg daily, clopidogrel 75 mg daily, metoprolol 100 mg b.i.d. and enalopril (Vasotec) 10 mg daily for the newly diagnosed coronary artery disease.
Reflect on the patient’s personal scenario presented in this Case Study and aIDress the following in 3-page paper:
Based on the case study, respond to the following:
Evaluate and explain the rationale for the aIDition of each of these new medications and contraindications to their use.
What side effects of each medication will you caution the patient to be alert for?
What aIDitional teaching will be required for the patient prior to discharge?