Structure and analysis of nursing knowledge

Question Description

A structure of nursing knowledge

The theoretical works are nursing frameworks that have been organized into types, and the theorists who have been selected for each type. The identification of selected works within each of the types is arbitrary at best. Effort has been made to reflect the level of abstraction for each type or preference of the theorist. Types of knowledge, levels, and examples of each within the structure are illustrated in Table (see below), and discussed in the following text.

Knowledge Structure Levels With Selected Examples for Illustration

Structure LevelExamples
MetaparadigmHuman beings, environment, health, and nursing
PhilosophyNightingale’s philosophy
Conceptual modelsNeuman’s systems model
Grand theoryNeuman’s optimal client stability
TheoryFlexible line of defense moderate optimal client stability
Middle-range theoryMaintaining optimal client stability with structured activity (body recall) in a community setting for healthy aging

Modified from Alligood, M. R. (2014). Nursing theory: Utilization & application (5th ed.). St Louis: Mosby; Fawcett, J., & DeSanto Madeya, S. (2013). Contemporary nursing knowledge: Conceptual models of nursing and nursing theories (3rd ed.). Philadelphia: F. A. Davis.

Types of Nursing Theoretical Works

Nursing philosophies

Nightingale

Watson

Ray

Benner

Martinsen

Eriksson

Nursing conceptual models

Levine

Rogers

Orem

King

Neuman

Roy

Johnson

Nursing theories and grand theories

Boykin and Schoenhofer

Meleis

Pender

Leininger

Newman

Parse

Erickson, Tomlin, and Swain

Husted and Husted

Middle-range nursing theories

Mercer

Mishel

Reed

Wiener and Dodd

Eakes, Burke, and Hainsworth

Barker

Kolcaba

Beck

Swanson

Ruland and Moore

Questions for Analysis and Critical Reflection of Theoretical Works

• Clarity: How clear is this theory?

• Simplicity: How simple is this theory?

• Generality: How general is this theory?

• Accessibility: How accessible is this theory?

• Importance: How important is this theory?

QUESTION

Can you define each of them?

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